Total Productive maintenance (TPM)

What is TPM? || Why Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)? || Total Productive maintenance (TPM) is broad thought || TPM System || Components of TPM (Total Productive maintenance) || 8 Pillars of TPM (Total Productive Maintenance) || How to implement Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) || Define Role & responsibility for TPM implementation || 12 Steps of TPM implementation || OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness)

What is TPM?

" Total productive maintenance (TPM) is integration of the system for zero defect products with zero wasted activities by implementing effective maintenance by everyone's involvement."

The purpose of the total productive maintenance (TPM) is addressing main issues such related to people, equipment, methods, losses and waste and performance measurement. In total quality management (TQM), Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is excellent key tool is improving the existing manufacturing facility and equipment at its highest productivity level by effectively implementation of all location of organization. It is help to build effective bridge to cross is to finish barriers between production and maintenance personal that hence they people can works together. This is one of most important plant improvement methodology which helps continuous improvement of the existing processes through effectively organized employee involvement and empowerment. Involvement of employee closely related with target areas is a necessary for the successfully implementation process in the total productive maintenance (TPM). With the purpose of increase individual capability, decision making and ability to keep defect free product with zero waste, as results is personnel pride and job satisfaction as well as financial benefits for the organization.

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Why Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) - Benefits of TPM implementation

Total Productive maintenance (TPM) is broad thought

Every system having its own goals and targets but the ways can be different and the same here applicable with typical maintenance and total productive maintenance. Total productive maintenance is advanced system that helps to improve machine efficiency and also quality of product which is based company objective. Some general total productive maintenance (TPM) objectives and what organization mostly define targets for its internal maintenance system improvement:
∗ OEE (overall equipment efficiency) - Zero break downs, zero failures, zero accident, and zero defects)
∗ To improve machine & equipment reliability, and maintainability as contributors to quality and raise productivity.
∗ To enhancement in existing maintenance plan and improvement in maintenance system.
∗ To educate operators about equipment related expertise and skills.
∗ Cycle time reduction: by implementation of TPM, you can minimize cycle time shorter by reduction in equipment breakdowns, minor stoppages and idling equipment.
∗ Setup Reductions: Well-planned machine setup can reduce time and cost significantly for frequent production lines.
∗ Cost reduction: to establish analyze and improvement of machine setup time, unexpected breakdowns, preventive maintenance for cost reduction.
∗ Capacity Expansion: You can increase your production capability if you well planned, controlled processes with effective maintenance plan, by reducing maintenance and cycle time.
∗ Maintain accident free working environment.

TPM System

TPM System: Table

  • Improvement of the performance of production equipment required concentrate on overall processes, such as process life cycle approach is one of the best option for it.
  • Identification of the cause of failure in manufacturing processes, plant and equipment by establish cross functional team.
  • Implement structural human resource management to motivate workmen for improve productivity, which can achieve by job enlargement.
Unique Feature
The unique feature of the total productive maintenance (TPM) is making a people positive about equipment care individually, remember that the operator is the best condition monitor. TPM improves spirit in everyone that everyone is responsible for every equipment installed in manufacturing facility.
  • Zero Defect in products, zero breakdown, and zero accident in all functional processes of the manufacturing facility.
  • Maximum involvement of employee from all levels of organization.
  • It will do significantly reduction in manufacturing cost.
  • Increase in productivity and overall equipment efficiency (OEE)
  • Customer satisfaction
  • Reduce accident, wastage, and improve quality of product.
  • Employees confidence level will be increase, Mostly equipment operators' and maintenance personnel's attitude will be favorable change.

Components of TPM (Total Productive maintenance)

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  1. Maintain & Improve facilities: The purpose of this component of total productive maintenance is to maintain, and continuous improvement of the existing manufacturing facility by responsible personnel, such as maintenance team must carry out all the major repairs, improvement in weak points and eliminate deterioration, planning of each equipment for maintenance, carry out periodic and preventive maintenance, and collect the information from the plant to analyze breakdowns and performance. The operation personnel are responsible for maintain equipment with initial require condition and prevent deterioration, monitor machinery effectiveness, regular checking and verification and improvements.
  2. Detect and eliminate problems: This component helps to detection and elimination of faults and problems, which are cause breakdowns and stoppages, slow down the processes, changeovers difficult, and make the process life cycle difficult.
  3. Improve Process effectiveness: TPM allows establishment, monitoring and improvement of process effectiveness by controlling on some big losses to recognize, measure and reduce. The big losses such as breakdown losses due to machine failures, machine starting, change over setup and adjustment losses, idling machinery, minor stoppages and speed losses, scrap and re-work losses.
  4. Neat and clean workplace - 5S workplace: This total productive maintenance (TPM) component describes good housekeeping in the workplace i.e. it is supporting 5S methodology implementation in organization. As we detailed in previous article, how to implement and work 5S methodology in organization. [ Read full article: 5S Methodology ]
  5. Detect and eliminate inherent faults: This TPM component describe identification inherent faults which can instinctively in machinery, design or in regular method of manufacturing processes. This system assists to reduce their effect wherever possible. inherent faults can be identifying through establish team to focus on faults which inherent in various processes and to improve overall effectiveness such as reduction in setup time, seamless production and maintainability improvement.
  6. Improve Maintenance system to support the floor level: This TPM component describe how the TPM provide advanced maintenance systems to support floor levels / manufacturing facilities through presenting advanced techniques and tools to restore accurate condition of machinery. The team prepare plans and implement maintenance system with available resources, and multiple skills from team provide proper solution for complex issues with mechanisms.
  7. New installation that provide the best return: This TPM component describe, TPM help in selection & installation of machinery by explicit approach, professional and structured system and as an integral part of the overall manufacturing system.

8 Pillars of TPM (Total Productive Maintenance)

The goal of 8 pillars of Total productive maintenance is to reduce significant losses with the ultimate aim of elimination of all losses. In this whole process, top management involvement is required because of possibility of some game changer decisions. The 8 pillar approach is a providing such a way of organizing change and a rigorous methodology to ensure sustain outcomes for the next operations.
  1. Autonomous Maintenance:
    Autonomous maintenance is structured approach to enhance personnel skill level of employee, and improve their equipment and manufacturing processes. In this section implementation, you have to train the equipment operators to minimize the gap between them and the maintenance peoples, to making an easier for both the to work as one team. Operators are best condition monitor of equipment; train & equip the operators so that the operator can identify any failure conditions, measure deterioration and fix on before it affects the process or major failure on initial stage.
  2. Focused Improvement:
    In this pillar, you have to establish small groups of employees i.e. cross functional team from different functions, for working together proactively to incremental improvement in equipment operation. This is a team based approach to drive elimination of specifically identified losses in any process. The pillar describes and work on based on PDCA (Plan, Do, Check, Act) Cycle, which can be implemented for improvement activities of any complexity in any organization.
  3. Planned Maintenance:
    The purpose of planned maintenance is improving efficiency of maintenance activities to prevent all major losses, and extends the equipment reliability in organization. The purposes of this pillar can be achieved through some activities such as daily maintenance, time based maintenance, failure analysis, prevention of recurrences, and controlled maintenance system.
  4. Quality Maintenance:
    The purpose of this pillar is to achieve zero defects in products and processes by assist and maintain equipment conditions. Mostly, quality assurance team, production team and management personnel are performing and actively involvement require in this task for implement. Team verify quality characteristics standards, investigate the conditions, raw materials, equipment and method, investigation and analysis and improving the conditions of malfunctions.
  5. Early Management / Development Management:
    The purpose of development management TPM pillar, is to reduction in product development, design, and assembling time, and improvement in quick startup stability of equipment. And that can be achieve through setting development and design goals, ease of production and quality assurance implement, and identification problems in design, first trial run & initial stage.
  6. Training and Education:
    The purpose of this 8 pillar of TPM, for establishment of technical education for equipment operators and maintenance personal. To achieve this motive needs some activities training to personnel, such as basic process of maintenance, maintenance of regular use tools and parts, prevention of leaks etc. Basic knowledge for maintenance of control equipment.
  7. Safety, Health and Environment:
    In this pillar of TOM, assuring safety and preventing adverse environment impacts are important priorities. The process must involve the requirements of safety, health and environment during any kind of maintenance planning, and implementation.
  8. Office TPM:
    The goal of this pillar is achieving zero function losses, creation of efficient offices, and implementation of fully assistance functions for production lines. this task is conducted by administration personnel and selected leaders through performing tasks such as initial cleanup, inventory management, countermeasure of problem, standardization and autonomous management activities.

Recommended - Read full Article: 8 Pillars of TPM

How to implement Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)

As the part of the Total productive maintenance implementation program; the top management introduce total productive maintenance, introduce education and training of the TPM, basic structural formation to promote total productive maintenance in organization. Management also responsible for establish cross functional team, and discuss with the team to determine targets and goals for TPM process. Team prepare documentation of master planning for implementation which include department wise, area wise implementation includes initiate 8 pillars across the manufacturing facility. The team also define the role and responsibility for all related personnel, but mostly equipment operators and maintenance personnel are in center of the planning, see both important personnel role and responsibility:

Define Role & responsibility for TPM implementation

To define role & responsibility in the organization, two important different departmental personnel which are pivot in the total productive maintenance activities, operators and maintenance personnel's example role & responsibility given as below:

Operator TPM Role

Maintenance TPM Role

12 Steps of TPM implementation

OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness)

OEE (overall equipment effectiveness) is TPM key measure indicator, which is measured effectiveness of machinery and equipment. OEE is metrical that identify in percentage of equipment performance. And it is designed for identify percentage of planned production time, and cycle time in production for particular product.
OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality

Recommended: Read Article - OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness)


Total Productive maintenance (TPM) aims at zero break down, zero accidents and zero defect in product through use method for continuous improvement. Initially, maintenance personnel and operators establish team and work together for implementation of part of TPM to avoiding unexpected breakdowns of equipment, and preventively conduct processes to achieve goal.

First Published On Date: Monday, November 06, 2017 10:10 AM

Author: ARUN RAVAL | Business & Systems Analyst